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All the concrete flooring terminology you need to know to sound like a pro

Aggregates

Aggregates are a component of composite materials such as concrete and asphalt concrete; the aggregate serves as reinforcement to add strength to the overall composite material.

Substrate

The underlying substance / layer made of a solid concrete base usually 100mm thick with added stone and steel that forms the foundation for any floor.

Skim Coat

The surface coat usually applied over the floor or wall to smooth out the surface – a good way to prepare cracked surfaces bef. ore placing your other flooring surface over the substrate.

Screed

A cement mixture that is installed on the substrate. Screed is usually applied underneath all traditional flooring such as tiles and carpets and also used under alternative floors such as vinyl and colour cement.

Self-levelling Screed

Self-levelling screed is the same as traditional screed but with a runny consistency that makes it easier to smooth out.

Float

A float is a tool that is used to finish a concrete surface by making the floor smooth and compacting the concrete.

Cement

Cement is not the same as concrete, but rather one component of concrete. Cement, a combination of finely ground materials, hardens when mixed with water to become the “glue” in concrete. 

Concrete

Concrete is not the same as cement. Concrete is a combination of cement as a binding agent, chemical additives, water and mineral. This combination, when properly mixed and placed, hardens into an excellent building material for a wide variety of uses. 

Finishing

Means to level out, smooth, compact and treat the surface of a newly laid concrete floor surface. This can be done in a variety of ways.

Grinding

 A mechanical surface preparation method using rotating abrasive stones or discs to remove thin coatings and mastics or slight flaws and protrusions. 

Pigment

A finely ground natural or synthetic particle adding color and opacity to a coating or topping. 

 

A fully glossary of terms can be found at Concrete Network.

For more information about concrete flooring. feel free to call us on 021 137 1053.